Medical Express

ISSN (print): 2318-8111

ISSN (online): 2358-0429

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1 result(s) for: Lesão Medular, Paraplegia, Pressão Sanguínea, Frequência Cardíaca, Estimulação Elétrica Neuromuscular, Disreflexia Autonômica

Patients with chronic high spinal cord injury can be safely treated with neuromuscular electrical stimulation: cardiovascular function is unaffected

Letícia Vargas Almeida; Carolina Lins; Janaina Tancredo; Renato Varoto; Wilson Nadruz Junior; Alberto Cliquet Junior


Abstract PDF

OBJECTIVE: To identify changes in blood pressure and heart rate in individuals with chronic paraplegia undergone neuromuscular electrical stimulation treatment.
METHOD: Design: Observational prospective. Participants: Twenty individuals with chronic paraplegia (neurological level above T6) belonging to two different groups (G1 and G2) were submitted to an upper limb exercise test. G1 patients (n=13) had been treated with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (25Hz, pulses of 300μs, 100V) for 2 years or more, at least once a week; G2 patients (n=7) did not receive neuromuscular electrical stimulation treatment; G3 individuals (n=6) were healthy volunteers. Procedures: Arterial blood pressure and heart rate were measured during four phases of the exercise test: at initial rest, during warmup, during the exercise itself, and at rest after the exercise.
RESULTS: Systolic and diastolic blood pressures showed no statistical difference between groups. In the comparison between exercise phases, regardless of the group, systolic pressure was significantly higher and diastolic pressure significantly lower at the end of the exercise itself, when compared to all other phases. Resting heart rate was significantly lower in healthy controls vs. G1 and G2, which were not significantly different between themselves. Exercise increased heart rate in all groups.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that the groups are normotensive and homogeneous in their results; heart rate was higher in both paraplegic groups compared to healthy controls, but no difference was found between treated vs. untreated groups. Thus, neuromuscular electrical stimulation is a safe and effective way to treat individuals with chronic paraplegia.

Keywords: Spinal Cord Injury, Paraplegia, Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation, Autonomic Dysreflexia.