Medical Express

ISSN (print): 2318-8111

ISSN (online): 2358-0429

Author's Articles

1 result(s) for: Carlos E. Levy

The influence of glycerol upon <i>L. reuteri</i> activity against enteropathogens

Marina Camargo Etchebehere; Cristiane Piveta; Carlos E. Levy


Abstract PDF

BACKGROUND: Probiotics containing L. reuteri are popular for treating and preventing bacterial gastrointestinal infections. L. reuteri, produces reuterin, an antibiotic that inhibits gram-negative bacteria. Reuterin production is the result of glycerol fermentation by L reuteri. Although L. reuteri is normally present in the gastrointestinal system, only small amounts of glycerol are usually available; therefore, the production of reuterin may not occur and this could reduce the effectiveness of the probiotic supplement. Our objective is to identify the minimum concentrations of glycerol required for L. reuteri to exert an inhibitory effect on enteropathogenic enterobacteriaceae.
METHOD: Samples containing 108 colony forming units (CFU) of L. reuteri DSM17938 (Colikids®, Ache, Brazil/BioGaia, Sweden) were grown with varying concentrations of glycerol (0.05-5%). 106 CFU of E.coli (CDC0126/INCQS/FIOCRUZ), Shigella flexneri (ATCC/120022), S. enterica (ATCC6539) and Y. enterocolitica (ATCC9610) were inoculated with L. reuteri in the different glycerol concentrations. Each enterobacteria and glycerol 5% without L. reuteri cultures were used as positive control groups.
RESULTS: All bacteria were completely inhibited at higher ranges of glycerol concentrations (0.2-5%) and grew at lower concentrations (0.05-0.1%).
CONCLUSION: L. reuteri requires at least 0.2% of glycerol to completely inhibit enterobacterial growth. These preliminary findings may influence the current method of use of probiotic supplements. The antibiotic activity of L. reuteri may have potential clinical use against important enteropathogens.

Keywords: L. reuteri; reuterin; enteropathogenic enterobacteriaceae; glycerol.