Medical Express

ISSN (print): 2318-8111

ISSN (online): 2358-0429

Author's Articles

2 result(s) for: Anna Lucia Spear King1

Validation of the Cell Phone Dependence Scale

Anna Lucia Spear King1; Eduardo Guedes; Flávia Leite Guimarães; Mariana King Pádua; Hugo Kegler dos Santos; Douglas Rodrigues; Lucio Lage Gonçalves; Antonio Egidio Nardi

MEDICALEXPRESS 2019;6(0): - ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract PDF

BACKGROUND INFORMATION: The boundary between cellphone use and abuse is quite tenuous. Research is required to evaluate the use of this device interacting in the everyday life of users, whether to speak or to perform tasks.
OBJECTIVE: To construct a novel and specific scale to evaluate cellphone dependence checking its psychometric properties for clarity, accuracy and reliability.
METHODS: Validation of a Cellphone Dependence Scale (CPDS) was performed in 5 phases: 1- initial scale construction with 20 questions, 2- expert evaluation, 3- application to 200 volunteers, 4- statistical analysis and results, and 5- elaboration of the final version of the CPDS.
RESULTS: We used the R statistical program Version 3.4.2 and the “dplyr” package to present the descriptive statistics, the hypotheses tests of differences of means and the factorial analysis. The results provided a validated and accepted final version for CPDS. The last step of the study was to calculate Cronbach’s alpha, in order to measure the internal consistency of the questionnaire. The value found was 0.897, which is considered very good.
CONCLUSIONS: This project resulted in the construction of the final CPDS version suitable for the clinical context and to be used in the conduct of research on cellphone dependence. CPDS may contribute to future studies, conscious use of cellphones, harm reduction, and improved quality of life vis-à-vis the cellphone.



Keywords: Digital dependence; cellphone; digital technologies; behavior; disorder.

Validation of a Scale to evaluate Pathological Digital Game Dependence

Anna Lucia Spear King1; Mariana King Pádua; Eduardo Guedes; Lucio Lage Gonçalves; Flávia Leite Guimarães; Hugo Kegler dos Santos; Douglas Rodrigues; Antonio Egidio Nardi

MEDICALEXPRESS 2019;6(0): - ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract PDF

BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Digital game or video game disorders have been recently (June 2018) included in ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases) by the World Health Organization (WHO). The disorder can occur with or without an internet connection.
OBJECTIVE: Validation of a scale to evaluate the dependence of pathological digital game (PDGD).
METHOD: Validation of the PDGD was performed in 5 phases: (1) initial scale construction with 20 questions, (2) expert assessment, (3) application to 200 volunteers, (4) statistical analysis and production of results using statistical programs, (5) elaboration of the final validated scale.
RESULTS: We used the R statistical program Version 3.4.2 and the “dplyr” package to present the descriptive statistics, the hypotheses tests of differences of means and the factorial analysis. The last step was to calculate Cronbach’s alpha, in order to measure the internal consistency of the questionnaire. The value found was 0.955, which is very good.
CONCLUSIONS: This research allowed us to construct a final version of the PDGD suitable for the clinical contexts and usable in research on the dependence of digital games. This scale may contribute to future studies, conscious use of technologies, reduction of physical and emotional damage and improvement of the quality of life.



Keywords: Digital game; video-game; game disorder, gaming behavior.